Scientists from the European Space Agency have successfully come up with a way to produce oxygen from moon dust. The moon has a lot of oxygen in its regolith, a mixture of loose soil, dust and rock on the surface of the moon. Scientists have built a prototype extractor
to extract oxides from the moon dust. Dust samples from the moon’s surface shows the presence of 40% to 45% of oxygen by weight. Scientists suggest that the molten salt electrolysis technique can extract close to 96% of this oxygen. The creation of oxygen will help future missions on the moon, opening up the possibility for deeper space travel. It will also help to create crucial resources to support future missions that aim to establish human settlements on the moon and Mars and in the production of other resources like breathing air and rocket fuel.